THE SCIENCE OF APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS (ABA)


Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) uses the scientific properties of learning and motivation in order to effectively teach.

It focuses on the idea that the consequences of what we do affect what we learn and what we will do in the future.

ABA seeks to improve specific behaviors while demonstrating a reliable relationship between the procedures used and the change in the individual’s behavior.

ABA uses positive reinforcement to increase more positive behaviors and social interactions and to decrease inappropriate behaviors.

ABA therapy is implemented using both individual therapy and group therapy approaches.  Each person has an individualized treatment plan tailored to that person’s unique needs. 

ABA may be delivered in a clinic setting, in community locations, at home, or in school. 

Research has demonstrated ABA is most effective when implemented at a high frequency and intensity.



THE BENEFITS OF ABA


ABA targets behaviors of social significance for children / young adults, family members, and society at large.

Examples of areas in which ABA has been demonstrated effective include:

  • Verbal Behavior
  • Social Skills
  • Adaptive Skills
  • Coping Skills
  • Academic Performance
  • Address Behavioral Excesses such as meltdowns, tantrums, aggression, self-injury, property destruction, and other potentially dangerous behaviors


Parent training is an important component of ABA.  Parents build skills to assist their children to continue  to improve outside of the treatment setting.



WHO SHOULD USE ABA?


ABA therapy is best known as an intervention for young children with Autism who are struggling to develop age appropriate communication and social skills.  The therapy has been proven highly effective for these children; however, the scope of ABA goes well beyond this group. 

The behavioral technology is effective for all behaviors of social significance.  Behavior Specialists of Louisiana's target population is children and young adults aged 2-21 who exhibit behavioral excesses (aggression, self-injury, tantrums, defiance/oppositional behavior, property destruction, stereotypic behavior, etc.) and deficits (lack of or delays in communication, social skills, poor academic performance, social anxiety, etc.). 

Diagnoses that frequently contain these excesses and deficits include, but are not limited to: Autism, Asperger’s Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Disruptive Behavior Disorder, Mood and Anxiety Disorders, and Specific Academic Disorders.